Tuesday, January 11, 2011

Former State Employee Who Inspected California Alcohol Drug Rehab Clinics Sentenced to 41 Months in Federal Prison for Taking Cash Bribes

In Los Angeles, on January 10, 2011, former state employee Gary Eugene Goethe, 48, of Sacramento, was sentenced by United States District Judge Gary A. Feess  to 41 months in federal prison after pleading guilty to four counts of extortion under color of official right and two counts of bribery charges for demanding more than $100,000 in bribes from the owners of two drug rehabilitation clinics.

Mr. Goethe pleaded guilty in May 2010 pursuant to a written plea agreement.  In addition to the prison term he received today, Mr. Goethe was ordered to repay the bribes he received during the FBI’s undercover investigation of his corrupt activities.

Mr. Goethe worked for the California Department of Alcohol and Drug Programs (ADP) as a Drug Medi-Cal Monitoring Supervisor who traveled to alcohol and drug treatment clinics throughout California to inspect records and documentation related to Medi-Cal billings. ADP, which receives federal funding, is responsible for administering prevention, treatment and recovery services for alcohol abuse, drug abuse and problem gambling. The case was prosecuted in Los Angeles because the clinics at issue were in the Central District of California.

Mr. Goethe was arrested on July 9, 2009 by FBI special agents as he was leaving a meeting where he accepted a $3,500 cash payment that was part of a $10,000 bribe he had negotiated. Mr. Goethe subsequently pled guilty to having solicited and accepted bribes from rehabilitation facility owners in exchange for his promises of approvals and other benefits. In a plea agreement filed in this case, Mr. Goethe admitted that he told a clinic owner that he could help the owner obtain certifications that would allow the owner to expand service offerings to include mental health treatment. Mr. Goethe admitted having promised that, in exchange for cash bribery payments, he could “guarantee” that the owner’s clinics would obtain certification to provide mental health treatment services. Goethe demanded $92,000 in bribery payments from the owner.

In relation to another facility, Mr. Goethe admitted that he revealed to the owner that the clinic was being investigated by the California Department of Justice (CalDOJ), but, in exchange for a cash bribe, he could “help” the clinic owner by providing confidential information about the subjects and progress of the investigation, as well as steering CalDOJ away from the clinic. Mr. Goethe admitted that he demanded $10,000 in bribe payments from the owner of this facility. During sentencing, Judge Feese commented that Mr. Goethe’s conduct was “essentially a shakedown of those...over whom he has authority and the ability to control." 

Posted by Tracy Green, Esq. Please email Ms. Green at tgreen@greenassoc.com or call her at 213-233-2260 to schedule a complimentary 30-minute consultation.  

The firm focuses its practice on the representation of licensed professionals, individuals and businesses in civil, business, administrative and criminal proceedings. They have a specialty in representing licensed health care providers in California and throughout the country. Their website is: http://www.greenassoc.com/

Saturday, January 8, 2011

California Physician Charged With Sexual Crime Against A Patient: When Do Physicians & Other Licensed Professionals Have To Report Criminal Charges Or Convictions To Their Board?

Here is a recent case which I will use as a case study to discuss when do arrests and charges need to be reported. Although this case uses the Medical Board, the same analysis applies to other licensing agencies even though each agency's rules are slightly different.

On December 30, 2010, the Ventura County District Attorney's Office filed charges against Dr. Barry Lefkovitch of Thousand Oaks, California.  Dr. Lefkovitch has been charged with two felony violations of Penal Code Section 289(d) (4), forcible sexual penetration by fraud, perpetrated upon a patient of the defendant and one count of sexual battery. 
The allegations in the felony complaint are that Dr. Lefkovitch assaulted one of his patients during a routine visit at his medical practice on Dec. 13, 2010.  Each charge carries a maximum possible prison term of eight years. The case was investigated by the Ventura County Sheriff's Department.

Dr. Lefkovitch appeared for arraignment on these charges on December 30, at which time the arraignment was continued to February 1, 2011. Dr. Lefkovitch was released on his previously posted $250,000 bail bond with the condition that he not treat female patients without a third person, a medical/health professional, present. This was an interesting term of bail and is much better than the Medical Board seeking to close his practice while charges are pending.

This case is unusual in that the Medical Board of California is working with the investigating agency and participated in the execution of search warrants at Dr. Lefkovitch's home and medical offices.

The charge in Penal Code Section 289(d)(4) requires that the government prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the patient "was not aware, knowing, perceiving, or cognizant of the essential characteristics of the act due to the perpetrator's fraudulent representation that the sexual penetration served a professional purpose when it served no professional purpose."

Investigators have publicized the doctor's arrest and filing of criminal charges claiming they "are concerned there may be other patients who have been victims of similar acts by Dr. Lefkovitch and encourage anyone with information" to contact the assigned detective. In such cases, one is always concerned that false claims could be reported by individuals seeking attention. However, law enforcement could use other acts by the doctor to help prove its case even if there were no charges filed.

Using this doctor's case as a case study, when does he have to report to the Board that he has been charged with an offense? Assuming that the Medical Board is not involved, he would not have to report the arrest at this point. Nor would he need to report the filing of a state criminal complaint. He would, however, have to report the charge after a preliminary hearing when he has been held to answer and after a document known as an "Information" is filed in his criminal case. In the majority of state cases, there are no "indictments." However, in federal cases, "indictments" are the norm. Thus, if he had been indicted on a federal felony charge, he would have had to report it within 30 days.

When Do You Have To Inform The Medical Board That You Have Been Arrested Or Charged With A Crime?  In this doctor's case, the Medical Board was aware of the investigation from its inception and thus a file has already been opened. In typical criminal cases, the Medical Board is not aware of the filing of criminal charges whether a misdemeanor or felony. When do you need to self-report and how do you do it? What are your options assuming the Board is not aware of your case?

There is a statute that governs the reporting of criminal charges (California Business & Profession Code Section 802.1) to the Medical Board in California.  The Medical Board also has a form on which you self report where required. (Click on this link to go to the form.) Have your attorney review the form so you do not make any mistakes or unintentional misrepresentations.

1) If you have been arrested for a misdemeanor, you do not need to report the arrest. However, this means that your main goal should be to get the misdemeanor dismissed so there is no conviction. Physicians and other licensed professionals need to be aware that misdemeanor convictions will result in discipline in today's world. Five or ten years ago it may have been only a public reprimand but the world has changed in this regard. The licensing boards and agencies are under greater public scrutiny and are more aggressive in pursuing discipline even when it is not a "patient or client related" offense. The catch all "moral turpitude" ground is used to justify discipline against the professional.

Case Study On Felony Shoplifting Case Resolved Prior To Preliminary Hearing  For example, I  recently represented a physician for shoplifting in a state case. Since the loss was over $400 (and she had a prior arrest for shoplifting) it was filed as a felony. Although she was offered a plea involving no jail time and a reduction to a misdemeanor, we aggressively represented the case and negotiated an agreement before any preliminary hearing (which would have triggered the reporting requirement). The plea involved community service, attending a program on shoplifting, payment of fines and the charge was reduced to a traffic infraction. Thus, there were no reporting requirements.

If she had been convicted of even a misdemeanor, she would have been subject to probation by the Board. The cost of her criminal defense was far less than the money she would have lost had she been placed on probation by the Medical Board since she would have lost many of her insurance contracts and the probation would have been reported on the Medical Board website. This is why we represent the physician in both the criminal and administrative case - so there is unified  strategy (and it is more cost efficient for the client).

2) If you have been convicted of a misdemeanor, you are required to report the conviction within 30 days after the conviction.

3) If you are arrested on a felony charge in state court, you do not need to report the charge until after a preliminary hearing has been held (or you agree to waive preliminary hearing) and you are held to answer on an "Information."

4) If you are arrested on a felony charge in federal court after being Indicted, you are required to report the charge within 30 days after the Indictment is filed. If you have agreed to a plea agreement in federal court that involves an "Information" you are required to report within 30 days after the filing of that Information.

Case Study - Felony Charge in State Court:  Given the reporting requirements for felony convictions, we seek to be creative while at the same time minimizing the risk to our client's license. For example, in a couple of recent Medi-Cal fraud case where there was billing for services not provided or billing for non-FDA approved devices, we were able to have corporations (rather than the individual physician) plea guilty to the offense before the filing of an Information to avoid physician conviction reporting requirements.

4) If you are convicted on a felony charge in state or federal court, you are required to report the conviction within 30 days after the conviction.

5) If you have not followed the reporting requirements, you will need to report when you renew your license. Remember that even if your conviction has been expunged, you will need to answer "yes" that you have been convicted of a misdemeanor or felony. 

I have seen numerous cases where licensees answered "no" to the conviction question for misdemeanors and the "no" answer caused more problems than the "yes" answer would have done in the first place. We work with physicians and licensed professionals to help them answer "yes" and submit a package in the beginning to minimize the damage that can result from a conviction. I cannot repeat enough that these cases need to be handled properly from the beginning. Most of the hard cases we have are where professionals tried to handle it themselves and made a bigger mess of the matter before they hired counsel. Often a lot of damage has been done by that point. Even a two hour consultation can prevent a professional from making a mistake that will ultimately cost them tens of thousands of dollars in lost income.

6) Are there times when physicians do not self-report? What happens then? We have had cases where physicians (or other professionals) know they are going to lose their license due to the conviction and are seeking to work as long as they can before they lose the license. They seek to delay out the process and in those cases, we respect their decisions but advise them of the risks and consequences. We also seek to help them with the damage control since there are many times when even a felony conviction will result in probation, some suspension time but they will be able to keep their license in the long run. Once reporting or discovery of the conviction occurs, we handle the reporting and Board defense. We respect our client's decisions but will push them if we believe a mistake is going to be made that will hurt them in the long run.

Big Picture Analysis - Seek Professional Advice & Remember That When You Must Disclose, Honesty Is The Hallmark of Professionalism: One reason it is often a good idea to at least obtain a consultation with an attorney is that you may not be thinking clearly and you need to see the big picture and what is going to occur in your case over the next few years. Short-term or rash actions can harm you in the future. If you have been convicted of an offense, it is a matter of time before the Board is aware of your conviction and you want to show that you are an honest professional. Dishonesty regarding your offense can harm you and be used as evidence that you are not rehabilitated.

One of the reasons you must be careful is that all the professions (whether physicians, nurses, attorneys, accountants) require a level of honesty that others rely upon. Thus, from the Board's perspective, if you are perceived as dishonest or not forthcoming it makes the Board believe you cannot be trusted and cannot be rehabilitated. Now does this mean that you have to report when not required? No, but if and when you do report, you must be hypervigilent.  The old saw that "good beginnings make good endings" is very true here.

Written Explanations Should Be Reviewed By An Experienced Attorney: In addition, you will be asked to provide a written explanation or be interviewed at some point about the offense and you need an objective third party to assist you so that you position yourself for the imposition of the least amount of discipline possible. Do not send your written explanation without an experienced attorney reviewing your explanation and submission. 

This is an important early step and mistakes made here can harm your Board case. So often I see that professionals get defensive, are worried about the impact of the conviction and write in a manner that will hurt them. By rewriting their letters and submitting a lot of evidence regarding rehabilitation at the same time (letters of support and proof of rehabilitation) it can make a huge difference on how the case is handled from the beginning.

For Non-Physicians: If you are a licensed professional other than a physician, you need to research the rules applicable to your Board or Bureau since each agency's rules are somewhat different. The one consistency is that do not misrepresent any fact in your reporting since that can be a separate ground for discipline.  However, the same principles and thinking apply to everyone here. Some boards do not have a form for reporting while others do. Contact an attorney for advice or at a minimum research the website for your applicable licensing agency or call the agency to find out the applicable rules.

Posted by Tracy Green, Esq. Please email Ms. Green at tgreen@greenassoc.com or call her at 213-233-2260 to schedule a complimentary 30-minute consultation. 

Any questions or comments  should be directed to Tracy Green, a very experienced California board attorney, administrative attorney, and litigation attorney at tgreen@greenassoc.com.

The firm focuses its practice on the representation of licensed professionals, individuals and businesses in civil, business, administrative and criminal proceedings. They have a specialty in representing licensed health care providers in California and throughout the country. Their website is: http://www.greenassoc.com/

Tuesday, January 4, 2011

Physicians, Chiropractors & Pharmacists in Workers' Compensation Should Be Aware Of Proposed Restrictions On Compounded Drugs In California

Physicians, chiropractors and pharmacies who provide treatment and prescriptions to workers' compensation applicants in California, should be aware of  new proposed legislation by state Sen. Mark DeSaulnier and Assemblyman Jose Solorio which would limit prices of medically necessary compounded drugs by adding them to the government's fee schedule.

The Los Angeles Times article noted that "Critics of the use of compounded drugs point to a sharp rise in the bills submitted to the State Compensation Insurance Fund, the state's biggest workers' comp insurer. Billings for compounded drugs reached $28 million, or 24% of the fund's total prescription billings last year — from a number so low the previous year that State Fund didn't bother to track it." Rand Corporation is compiling a study on this issue.

An effort last year to discourage the use of compounded drugs — especially those concocted by pharmacists, given by doctors to their patients and billed to insurers — failed to get through the state Legislature. Doctors were among those lobbying against it.

One of the focal points of this bill will be the third party pharmacies that are involved in providing the compounds to the physicians and chiropractors and billing the workers' compensation carriers. According to the L.A. Times article there are concerns about medical necessity and "[s]uspicions of abuse have been fueled by advertisements for compounded drugs on Craigslist two years ago that offered 'doctors who see work comp patients … $20K a month dispensing meds.'" The ad supposedly said:   "There are no legal issues, no billing — we do the billing, no costs or risks to the doctor," the ads said. "We have over 400 doctors in California." The ads further stated that "we have a great product an Anti-Inflammatory Cream that's compounded and has spectacular results" and that doctors could make a $141.60 profit on every prescription.

The L.A. Times article discussed one leading compounding pharmacist Robert Nickell, president of HNP Pharmaceuticals in Torrance. According to the article, Nickell and HNP have been part of a network of dozens of related pharmacies and third-party medical billing companies, many registered at the same Torrance address as HNP.

Posted by Tracy Green, Esq.
Green and Associates, Attorneys at Law
Phone: 213-233-2260
Email: tgreen@greenassoc.com


DISCLAIMER: Green & Associates' articles and blog postings are prepared as a service to the public and are not intended to grant rights or impose obligations. Nothing in this website should be construed as legal advice. Green & Associates' articles and blog postings may contain references or links to statutes, regulations, or other policy materials. The information provided is only intended to be a general summary. It is not intended to take the place of either the written law or regulations. We encourage readers to review the specific statutes, regulations, and other interpretive materials for a full and accurate statement of their contents and contact their attorney for legal advice. The primary purpose of this website is not the commercial advertisement or promotion of a commercial product or service and this website is not an advertisement or solicitation. Anyone viewing this web site in a state where the web site fails to comply with all laws and ethical rules of that state, should disregard this web site.

The information provided on this website is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to create, and does not create, a lawyer-client relationship with Green & Associates, Attorneys at Law. Sending an e-mail to Tracy Green does not contractually obligate them to represent you as your lawyer, or create any type of client relationship. No attorney-client relationship will be formed absent a written engagement or retainer letter agreement signed by both Green & Associates and client and which specifies the scope of the engagement.

Please note that e-mail transmission is not secure unless it is encrypted. E-mail messages sent to Ms. Green should not include confidential or sensitive information.